Scientific Name:
Pomatomus saltatrix
Fight Rating:
Normal Pointer

The only member of the Pomatomidae family, the bluefish is an extremely voracious and cannibalistic saltwater fish.

blue, tailor, elf, chopper, marine piranha, rock salmon, snapper blue, snapper, Hatteras blue,
skipjack (Australia), shad (South Africa); French: tassergal; Japanese: amikiri; Portuguese: anchova, enchova; Spanish: anjova, anchova de banco.

Identification. The body shape is fairly long, stout, and compressed, with a flat-sided belly. The mouth is large and has extremely sharp, flattened, and triangular teeth. The first dorsal fin is low and short, the second dorsal fin is long, and the anal fin has two spines and 25 to 27 soft rays. The coloring is greenish or bluish on the back and silvery on the sides; a distinguishing characteristic is a dark blotch at the base of the pectoral fins. The tail is dusky and deeply
forked, and, with the exception of the whitish pelvic fins, most of the fins are dark.

Size/Age. Bluefish can grow to about 45 inches in length and more than 44 pounds in weight. They average 11⁄2 to 2 feet and 3 pounds, although it’s not uncommon for a fish to weigh around 11 pounds. The rod-and-reel record is a 31- pound, 12-ounce fish. They live for about 12 years.

Life history/Behavior. Atlantic coast bluefish spawn mainly in the spring in the South Atlantic Bight and during summer in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Bluefish migrate out to open sea to spawn, anywhere from 2 miles offshore to the continental platform. The eggs are released and drift along with plankton in surface waters, hatching about 48 hours after fertilization. Adult bluefish are commonly found in schools, especially when foraging on schools of baitfish,
menhaden in particular. Along the U.S. Atlantic Coast, bluefish migrate northward in the spring and southward in the fall.

Food and feeding habits. Insatiable predators, bluefish feed on a wide variety of fish and invertebrates but target schools of menhaden, mackerel, and herring. They feed in large groups, viciously attacking schools of smaller fish.

Distribution. Found worldwide in most temperate coastal regions, bluefish inhabit the western Atlantic from Nova Scotia and Canada to Bermuda and Argentina. They are rare between southern Florida and northern South America.

Habitat. Favoring temperate to tropical waters, bluefish range along rocky coasts and in deep, troubled waters, although they are known to be sporadic, if not cyclical, in occurrence and
location. The young are often found in bays and estuaries. Adults migrate along coastal areas and are caught from the beach by surf anglers, on shoals and rips inshore, or farther offshore.

Fishing Spots


Absecon Bay Bay (Saltwater)

Absecon, NJ
United States United States
18 19 4 5 2

Absecon Channel Channel (Saltwater)

Atlantic City, NJ
United States United States
17 6 4 4

Acushnet River -- Unknown --

Acushnet, MA
United States United States
8 3 4

Alley Bay Bay (Saltwater)

Jonesport, ME
United States United States
8 4

Alligator Harbor Harbor (Saltwater)

Panacea, FL
United States United States
4 16 3 8

Annisquam Harbor Harbor (Saltwater)

Rockport, MA
United States United States
10 6 5 6

Annisquam River -- Unknown --

Gloucester, MA
United States United States
6 6 4 6

Apalachicola Bay Bay (Saltwater)

Apalachicola, FL
United States United States

Apponagansett Bay Bay (Saltwater)

New Bedford, MA
United States United States
8 1 6

Arthur Kill Cannel Channel (Saltwater)

Carteret, NJ
United States United States
13 3 4

Assateague Channel Channel (Saltwater)

Chincoteague Island, VA
United States United States
8 3 2

Assawoman Bay Bay (Saltwater)

Ocean City, MD
United States United States
16 2 3 6

Assonet River -- Unknown --

Assonet, MA
United States United States
38 7

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Portsmouth, NH
United States United States
12 18 11 6

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Boynton Beach, FL
United States United States
34 65 9 6

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Southport, NC
United States United States
8 44 3 10

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Beach Haven, NJ
United States United States

Atlantic Ocean Ocean

Waretown, NJ
United States United States

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Virginia Beach, VA
United States United States
2 19 4 4

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Portland, ME
United States United States
5 20 9 4

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic City, NJ
United States United States
9 43 1 6

Atlantic Ocean Ocean

Stuart, FL
United States United States

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Charleston, SC
United States United States
9 60 7 10

Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Point Pleasant Beach, NJ
United States United States
67 28 9 10

Atlantic Ocean Ocean

Charleston, SC
United States United States
22 80 11 4

Atlantic Ocean (GA) Atlantic Ocean

Savannah, GA
United States United States

Atlantic Ocean (MD) Atlantic Ocean

Ocean City, MD
United States United States
14 56 1 11 8

Atlantic Ocean (NC) Atlantic Ocean

Wilmington, NC
United States United States
30 4 11 6

Atlantic Ocean (NJ) Atlantic Ocean

Lavallette, NJ
United States United States

Atlantic Ocean (NY) Atlantic Ocean

Montauk, NY
United States United States
11 59 8 6



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There are no tournaments specified for this fish.